A person is being bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more persons. (Olweus, 1986, 1993)
Characteristics of Bullying
1. The behavior is aggressive or malicious.
2. It is repeated and goes on over time.
3. It occurs in an interpersonal relationship which is characterized by a certain imbalance in strength or power.
Types of Bullying
1. Physical: Hitting, kicking or any other physical aggression.
2. Verbal: Teasing, name-calling, put-downs, or other behavior that is hurtful in nature.
3. Emotional or Exclusion: Starting rumors or forming groups that target or isolate other students.
4. Cyber: Using electronic device mediums such as, but not limited to computers and cell phones, to bully (bullying defined above) others through methods such as posting comments, statements, or pictures on blogs or websites, text messaging, instant messaging, and email.